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What is the poultry egg incubator?

Views: 2023     Author: LONGMU     Publish Time: 2023-02-02      Origin: LONGMU


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A poultry incubator refers to a machine that artificially simulates the motherhood of oviparous animals to turn the eggs under the conditions of temperature and humidity. After a certain period of time, the fertilized eggs will be developed into life . Poultry Farm, personal hatch, family hatch, unit hatch, school hatch, biological hatch, biological company, special poultry hatch, poultry hatch, etc.



Features of poultry incubator

1. High economic benefits, with electricity as the main heat source and coal as a supplementary heat source, this machine can use various fuels such as honeycomb briquettes, briquettes, briquettes, charcoal, liquefied petroleum gas, etc., and can also be used to maintain a constant temperature by replacing hot water.  2. Not afraid of power failure: automatic control with power, manual monitoring without power. It can run normally for a long time after a power failure. 3. Safe and reliable: heating with a stove is to heat the water in the heater first, the hot air and hot water will enter the water tray along the hose, the furnace, and the machine are separated, and the machine is safe and has no peculiar smell. The machine selects a high-temperature-resistant insulating nickel-chromium-coated heating element for heating. 4. This machine hatches on the top and hatches from the bottom, one machine with multiple functions. 5. Double heating pipes, double humidifying pipes, and double switches to control heating and humidification. 6. Power saving. Compared with the original fully automatic incubator, it saves 50% of electricity, which is suitable for home users and saves investment


Preparation before hatching

1.Before installation, the concrete floor should be kept flat. The egg incubator is slightly forward (some models are backward) to discharge sewage during cleaning. There should be 2 to 3 meters of operating space in front of the machine door. 2. The disinfection of the hatching room should be carried out 1 week before hatching. All corners of the hatching room must be cleaned and fumigated with potassium permanganate and formaldehyde. 3. Check whether the egg tray frame is firm, whether the iron wire is dislocated, broken, bent, etc., and check one by one. 4. Check whether the hatching chamber is tight after it is closed, whether the four walls, the upper roof, and the bottom plate of the hatching chamber are deformed, etc., and repair any problems found in time. 5. One week before hatching, it is necessary to systematically check whether the installation is firm and whether the wiring of each electrical system is accurate and reliable. 6. Inspection during the test run. 


During the test run, check the temperature supply, humidity supply, alarm bell, fan, and other systems as well as the rotation of the motor. If everything is normal, the test run will take 1 to 2 days before formal hatching. For the preparation of the eggs before hatching, the selection of the eggs before hatching should be done first, that is, external observation, candling, and necropsy. Secondly, preheat and disinfect the eggs before hatching. (2) Management during the hatching process 1. Eggs hatch. After being placed on the plate, the eggs are incubated after being preheated and disinfected. When hatching, insert the egg tray into the egg rack in the incubator. But pay attention to the balance of the egg rack to prevent the eggs from turning over. 2. Temperature regulation and ventilation. After the temperature has been adjusted and fixed, generally do not move anymore. When the egg is just hatched, part of the heat will be lost due to opening the door to release the eggs. At the same time, the eggs and egg trays will absorb heat, and the temperature inside the egg incubator will drop sharply. This is a normal phenomenon. After some time will gradually return to normal. Under normal circumstances, when the temperature inside the machine is higher or lower by 0.5°C, it is necessary to check the cause and adjust it. Therefore, it is necessary to observe the temperature indicated by the thermometer on the door of the machine at any time. If there is any abnormality, it is necessary to check the temperature control system in time. Troubleshoot. As the age of the embryo increases, the exhaust port should be properly opened, and it should be fully opened in the later stage to maintain the oxygen demand of the normal development of the embryo. However, it should not be turned on too much in the early stage, to avoid slow heating and waste of electricity. Generally, the temperature in the incubator is required to be around 38°C during incubation for 1 to 19 days. When transferring embryonic eggs into the hatcher, the temperature of the hatcher must not exceed 37.5°C. Pay attention when using the incubator, be sure to use it according to the temperature recommended by the incubator manufacturer's instruction manual, and also consider the environmental conditions. (3) Humidity adjustment The most suitable relative humidity in the incubator is 53% to 57%. During the incubation period, the wet and dry bulb thermometer in the glass window of the incubator door should be regularly observed. In addition, the water in the wet and dry bulb thermometer basin should be replaced frequently. (4) Egg turning It is required to turn the eggs every 2 to 3 hours, and the angle of turning the eggs is ±45°. If you control multiple incubators at the same time, it is best to make all the incubators turn eggs in the same direction when turning eggs. Make a record every time you turn the eggs. (5) Management in the later stage of incubation Embryonic eggs should be transferred to hatchers for 18 to 19 days after hatching to continue hatching until hatching. When turning eggs, the room temperature should be increased, and the movements should be light, steady, and fast. When the embryonated eggs hatched in 20.5 days, they began to peck their shells to hatch in large numbers. When more than 30% of the eggs were hatched, they began to pick out the chicks whose feathers were dry and picked out the eggshells. If the chicks are parked in the hatcher for too long, it will affect their health of the chicks. After hatching, hatchers and hatching chambers must be cleaned and disinfected. After the hatching tray and water tray are rinsed clean, they are put into the hatcher for fumigation and disinfection.



Egg Incubator Instruction

1. Operation method of the controller: 1. The automatic incubator adopts two heating tubes, C3 and C5, for heating, and adopts two humidification methods: water humidification and electric humidification. 2. Turn on all C3 and C5 water humidification (humidification C3) and electric humidification (humidification C5) when starting up to reduce the warm-up time and test the machine quickly. 3. When the temperature reaches the set temperature of 37.5 degrees and the humidity is 60%, you can turn off the heating C3 or the humidification C3. If the humidity effect cannot be achieved, you can run it together with water humidification. 4. In the later stage, the humidity requirement is high, and water humidification and electric humidification can be turned on together. 5. If C5 can supply heat normally in summer and can reach the hatching temperature, just turn off C3. If in winter, C5 can’t reach the hatching temperature, turn on C3 and C5 to heat together to reach the required hatching temperature. In normal operation, there are two humidification methods of water and electricity (humidification C3 and humidification C5). If the water humidification (humidification C3) cannot reach the required humidity, you can turn on the electric humidification (humidification C5) to jointly humidify. 6. If one of the heating tubes does not work normally, you can turn on the other switch without affecting the normal incubation. 7. During the peak period of hatching of all poultry and rare birds (for example, 19-21 days), turn off the heating C3 and C5 to reach the hatching temperature. Just turn on, electric humidification (humidification C5) and water humidification (humidification C3). (Because the young chicks will release a lot of heat in the later stage, so as not to affect the chicks when the temperature is too high) 8. The vents on the rear wall of the fully automatic incubator, if the temperature reaches the temperature required for normal hatching during the incubation period (such as eggs), the vents will not need to be closed. If the temperature required for normal incubation cannot be reached, 1-2 vents can be closed. When the hatching period is reached, all the vents of the leather cover are fully opened. When using fire to heat, there should be a layer of plastic film on the water tray. According to the required humidity, open a slit or dig a hole to automatically supply moisture.



How to deal with a power outage of a household egg incubator

When the temperature in the incubator drops and the room temperature is below 10 degrees Celsius, if the power is cut off within two hours, no measures need to be taken. If the power is cut off for 2-4 hours, measures such as lighting a fire and heating should be taken to raise the room temperature during the day to reduce the heat loss in the incubator if the embryo is younger; for older embryos, the air inlet and outlet holes of the incubator should be slightly opened. Aerate a little and turn the eggs every hour. If the power outage lasts longer, you should heat the incubator to increase the room temperature to 32 degrees Celsius, open the ventilation holes, and shake the fan for 4-5 minutes every hour to make the temperature in the machine even, and turn the eggs every hour, and carry out the upper and lower egg trays at a high position. At this time, if there are chicks out of the shell, open the door of the hatcher slightly to prevent the young chicks from suffocating, and pick out the young chicks and empty eggshells in time.

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