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Poultry Farming Industry New

Views: 2024     Author: LONGMU     Publish Time: 2024-04-30      Origin: LONGMU


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A preliminary release on April 15th by US POULTRY addressed Project #719 Longitudinal Assessment of Skeletal and Cardiac Structures in Broilers Reared Under Slow Versus Fast Growth Rate Regimen and its Relation to Lameness, Ascites, and Woody Breast Condition.The study conducted by Dr. Prafulla Regmi of the Department of Poultry Science, University of Georgia addressed critical issues in live broiler production. Due to the restrictions placed by major journals on release of specific data prior to publication, release of results will be deferred to an appropriate time. The USPOULTRY release did however include the comment that restricting growth rate can influence welfare parameters but the frequently quoted 50 g per day growth rate promoted by welfare activists is invalid. The breaking strength of bones is not increased by reducing growth rate.CHICK-NEWS will review the article and its implications on publication and will comment on data in relation to production programs.

According to USDA-FAS GAIN Report E42024-06 released on February 27th, projected broiler production among E.U. nations will increase by 0.8 percent from calendar 2023 to 11.11 million metric tons.  Imports will attain 750,000 metric tons representing 6.8 percent of production.  Exports will rise to 1.67 million metric tons or 15 percent of production.  Net exports will therefore represent 8.2 percent of production at 0.92 million metric tons.  Given an E.U. population of 450 million, projected per capita consumption will amount to 22.6 kg (49.8 lb.) approximately half that of U.S. consumption.

Restraints to output include highly pathogenic avian influenza that has persisted since 2021.  Other hindrances include environmental restraints with limits on nitrogen emissions in the Netherlands and Belgium.Although the price of ingredients has declined, production costs in France remain high and are limiting output. Economists forecast increase demand for chicken based on the competitive price and availability of pork and beef.

A major issue of contention is the importation of chickenfrom Ukraine without duty following E.U. regulation 2023/1077. Poland, the largest producer in the E.U. has requested limits on the importation of broiler products from their eastern neighbor.

Although the U.K. represents a strong market for E.U. chicken, supplied mainly from Poland and Germany, there is now increased supply from Brazil, Thailand, and Ukraine. Competition from Brazil, the consistently low-cost supplier has eroded markets for the E.U. in Africa, the Middle East, and especially South Africa.

Dr. James Barton has gained extensive experience in the poultry industry in the Southeast and California regions of the industry.  He is currently applying Ancera technology to solve practical problems throughout the poultry industry.

A recent study by Dr. Matthew Stasiewicz at the University of Illinois indicated that regulatory concentration on high levels of known virulent Salmonella serotypes would benefit public health.  To date, Salmonella standards have been based on prevalence resulting in an evident reduction in recovery from processed poultry. Unfortunately there has not been a corresponding reduction in the incidence rate of chicken-related salmonellosis among consumers.

The risk assessment concluded that specific products with high levels of pathogenic serotypes should receive attention in order to develop appropriate control modalities.  Dr. Stasiewicz suggested that programs focusing on generic prevalence of Salmonella may contribute to the emergence of more pathogenic serotypes such as Salmonella Kentucky.

The risk assessment was supported by a grant from the US POULTRY Foundation.

Hormel Foods has agreed to pay three classes of Plaintiffs in a suit alleging collusion on pork prices.Commercial indirect purchasers will receive $2.4 million, direct pork purchasers, $4.8 million and consumer indirect purchasers, $4.5 million.

Collectively, there were 146 claimants in 27 cases that were consolidated during December 2022.

The settlement by Hormel Foods follows a June agreement by Seaboard Foods to pay the class of direct purchasers $9.8 million to settle the lawsuit.

The Department of Labor has filed lawsuits against three California poultry processors alleging violations of child labor law. The Wages and Hours Division has been reviewing plant employment records and conducting inspections uncovering “oppressive child labor at poultry processing facilities.According to the submissions by the Department of Labor the three companies concerned employed children under the age of 18 to debone poultry in contravention of child labor laws.

Defendants include L&Y Food Inc., Moon Poultry Inc. and JCR Culinary Group Inc. and their three respective managers in their personal capacities.

The Department of Labor was granted an injunction embargoing products from the plants although there was evidence that the restraining order was defied.  The Agency alleged that the defendants obstructed investigations including review of employment data.

According to USDA-FAS GAIN report IN2024-0015 released on March 25th India will allow importation of duck meat.During early March, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry authorized imports of premium frozen duck meat in accordance with a harmonized tariff system.

Import duties for duck meat have been reduced with expectations of shipments to the Nation from the U.S albeit it in competition from producers in the E.U. and Asian nations including Thailand and China.

Chick-fil-A has dropped the strict No Antibiotics Ever (NAE) to a modified No Antibiotics Important to Human Medicine (NAIHM). The Company has not specified the compounds that will be allowed but if this includes ionophore anticoccidial there will be a benefit to producers with no adverse effect for consumers.  Ionophores are not regarded as “antibiotics” in the E.U. but because the compound suppresses some intestinal bacteria they were unjustifiably included as “antibiotics”, with respect to the FDA classification.  If the Chick-fil-A standard allows the  use of feed additive bacitracin, there will be no deleterious effect since this compound is not used for human medicine other than as a topical application and does not contribute to the emergence of antibiotic resistance.Inclusion of bacitracin in broiler diets will suppress Clostridium spp. responsible for necrotic enteritis and gangrenous dermatitis.

It will be interesting to observe consumer response to the change in policy that will probably rise to the level of a large yawn. This will hold providing the chain maintains quality and value and can assure customers of ongoing welfare in production that conforms to the NCC standards.The action by Chick-fil-A parallels the earlier announcement by Panera Bread and could initiate a trend among QSRs and mid-priced supermarket chains to adopt a more realistic policy on antibiotics consistent with scientific and financial realities.

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