Views: 2023 Author: LONGMU Publish Time: 2023-04-11 Origin: LONGMU
Turkey (scientific name: Meleagris gallopavo): Phasianidae, turkey is a walking bird. Also known as Tushou Chicken. Like other Galliformes, the female is smaller and duller than the male. The head and neck are almost bare, with only sparse feathers, and a red sarcoma on the drooping throat. Is the largest bird of the local open woodlands and is difficult to confuse with other species
Wild turkeys are native to North America and were imported to Europe in the late fifteenth century. It inhabits temperate and subtropical forests, likes waterside woodlands, and lives between 300-2500 meters above sea level. Outside of the breeding season, males and females live separately. It feeds on plant stems, leaves, seeds, and fruits, as well as insects, and occasionally frogs and lizards.
First domesticated as poultry in Oaxaca, Mexico, at a time roughly equivalent to the Neolithic period in Europe. The turkey meat is tender and refreshing, the game is very strong, the lean meat rate is high, and the protein content is rich. Thanksgiving is a traditional festival in Western countries, and "roast turkey" has become an indispensable special dish on the table.
There are "one high and two low" advantages in nutritional value. One high is high in protein content, the other low is low in fat, low in cholesterol, and rich in iron, zinc, phosphorus, potassium, and vitamin B. Compared with other meat products, turkey contains high protein content, but the calories and cholesterol are the least; the fat contained in turkey is an unsaturated fatty acid, which will not increase the amount of cholesterol in the blood; secondly, turkey breast The iron content of turkey is also quite high. For a menstrual period, pregnancy period, and injured people who need to recuperate, turkey is one of the best sources of iron supply.
Outside of the breeding season, males and females live separately, perched in trees as high as possible. Temperament docile, slow action. When they are frightened, they will quickly run to a hiding place and usually live on the ground and make a clucking sound. Wild turkeys must be very careful in the face of numerous predators. This is why many turkeys sleep on trees that grow in water, as they are not easily accessible from the ground. Turkeys are very heavy and difficult to fly, having to run several meters to take off. The little turkey is more difficult and has to fly from branch to branch to sleep at the top of the tree.
Wild turkeys have many calls: swallowing, common, grunting, clucking, cutting, excited calls, and more. In early spring, males over a year old (called gobblers or toms) and occasionally males under a year old (called jakes) announce their presence to females and competing males by gulping. Wild turkeys can be heard from a mile away. Male turkeys also make a low-pitched "drum," which is produced by the movement of air in the air sacs of their chest, similar to the roar of a prairie chicken. In addition, they produce a sound called a "spit," which is the rapid expulsion of air from this air sac.
Wild turkeys scratch the forest floor, turn leaves, and peck at vegetation. Young wild turkeys feed on berries, grasses, shoots, seeds, roots, and tubers. They eat some insects (such as locusts) or some small crustaceans, mollusks, and even amphibians to change their vegetarian habits. Wild turkeys swallow their food whole and crush it up with powerful gizzards. Like many animals, it swallows pebbles to facilitate this operation, but its digestive system is surprisingly efficient. The species has been seen swallowing small pieces of metal, and a turkey was seen swallowing 24 whole nuts in 4 hours.
Foraging insects, crustaceans, lizards and grains, vegetables, fruits, etc. Lives in groups at night on trees to feed on plant stems, leaves, seeds, and fruits, and also eats insects, and occasionally frogs and lizards.
Turkey Farming Technology
It should be selected according to the specific local environmental conditions, proceeding from reality, and according to the specific requirements of turkey growth and development. Pay attention to the applicability, economy, and environmental self-purification of turkey production. In addition to the high and dry terrain, good drainage, and hydropower conditions that we usually emphasize, we should also consider: First, turkeys are more affected by epidemic diseases due to their physiological characteristics.
In the construction of turkey farms, it is necessary to use topography, terrain, and wind direction. , greening, and other effective chicken house environments. Second, stay away from other poultry farms. In some rural areas with poor conditions, turkey farms must be built on top of other poultry farms to avoid air and feces pollution as much as possible.
Third, turkeys are neurotic animals. They tend to flock when disturbed by the sudden sound, image, and movement changes. Young turkeys will crowd into one place due to fright, causing the phenomenon of crushing the turkey. Larger turkeys can die from fright, hysteria, or bleeding from internal injuries. Breeding turkeys affect egg production. For this reason, care should be taken to avoid the stress factors mentioned above in site selection and environmental planning. A reasonable construction of turkey houses and the purchase
of various equipment to create good feeding conditions for it a prerequisite for raising a good turkey. When building a turkey house, it is necessary to carefully consider the physiological characteristics of the turkey, such as high body temperature and vigorous metabolism, sensitivity to light, and strict requirements for light control. Raising meat turkeys can build semi-closed chicken coops or simple sheds. The front side of the semi-closed turkey house should adopt a half wall except for the door, and the wall is a window with a fence, and it is sealed with a wire grid. This can not only maintain good ventilation and light but also prevent wild animals and birds from entering. Installing plastic roller
blinds outside the window can play the role of heat preservation, ventilation, light control, and rain protection. For turkey houses with a large amount of breeding, ventilation devices should be installed to adjust the indoor temperature and air.
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