Views: 2023 Author: LONGMU Publish Time: 2023-05-17 Origin: LONGMU
The chicken coop must be warmed up 12 hours before the chickens enter the chicken coop, especially for some large breeders, the brooding coops used are relatively large. When it reaches 33~35 degrees, the small broilers will get together, and if they are not handled in time, they will cause the group to get together and cause death. Because the temperature does not go up, small broilers will not be able to drink water and feed freely, which will seriously affect the survival rate. Remind farmers that heating must be carried out in advance, and before the broiler chickens enter the chicken house, they must reach 33 degrees or more.
From the first day until the broiler chickens are on the market 50 days later, broiler chickens must be raised according to the procedures and science every day. After three days, the Newcastle disease vaccine must be vaccinated for the first time. You can choose the Newcastle disease 4-series vaccine and vaccinate through drinking water. This is relatively simple, especially for large-scale broiler farmers, this method is preferable. Influenza vaccines are generally based on the local epidemic situation. If there is basically no outbreak of bird flu in the local area, it is not recommended to use this vaccine for epidemic prevention to avoid self-defeating.1. Environmental management
The second Newcastle disease vaccine defense lasted about 10 days. This time, the 4-series Newcastle disease vaccine was used to prevent the epidemic again to consolidate the previous epidemic prevention. On the 21st day, the 4-series Newcastle disease vaccine was used again for epidemic prevention. For the prevention of the bursal vaccine, the best defense option is two weeks. You can drink water through the bursal vaccine. The second time of epidemic prevention is about 27 days. times, broiler Newcastle disease vaccine needs three times of epidemic prevention, even if the whole broiler epidemic prevention work is over.
Pre-feeding of broilers requires a lot of concentrated feed. Nowadays, most farmers buy feed directly from the feed company, which is more convenient. However, within a week, feed pellets specially for broiler chickens. Because the pellets have more comprehensive nutrition and better palatability, it can help increase the survival rate of small broiler chicks and reduce the occurrence of diseases. But if after the mid-term, when the broiler chickens are feeding at this time, the feed energy will drop slightly, and the concentrated feed will generally be less, and corn and wheat bran, especially corn, should be increased appropriately, such as bean cakes, including soybean meal, and fish meal. It will be relatively reduced, and it is generally marked in the pellet feed.
Once the broiler is about 30 days old, it has entered the post-management period. At this time, the broiler has to eat freely throughout the day. At this time, the light, generally after 12:00 in the evening, should choose to turn off the light, so that the broiler can fully rest. Generally, after 30 days, the broiler chickens grow faster at this time, and the management must also keep up with it at this time. In order to avoid bacterial and viral infection, the indoors should be kept changing litter frequently, and proper ventilation should be paid attention to. The temperature is generally kept at 22 degrees at this time. About 40 days for broilers, at this time, the temperature of about 20 degrees to 18 degrees is more suitable. At about 40 days, broiler chickens are particularly prone to illness. In order to avoid the outbreak of chicken plague and bursa of Fabricius, preventive drugs, including vitamins, should be added to the feed or drinking water of chickens, and frequent ventilation is required. Ensure the health of broilers and improve the disease resistance of broilers. As long as you raise chickens according to science and master richer knowledge of raising broilers, you can get good benefits from raising broilers.
Preliminary preparation of the brooding house
Feeders, drinking fountains, and electric lights must be prepared in place, as well as the drinking water for the chicks. Therefore, the newly introduced broiler chicks should not drink cold water at this time, and can prepare cold boiled water. Put a certain amount of glucose and gentamicin in the water, including water-soluble vitamins, so that the chickens can drink water when they enter the chicken coop, and the pellets that the chickens eat should be placed in the bucket, because the pellets are relatively small If it is too big, you can rub it with your hands properly at this time, which will be more conducive to the start of small broiler chickens.
1. Temperature: Keep the temperature at 34-35°C on the first day, and then reduce it by 1°C every day until it reaches 25°C. But the specifics have to be based on the overall situation of the chicken house so that the chickens can be warmed. It is advisable for the chicks to spread evenly in the insulation room.
2. Humidity: 7 days before brooding, the humidity should be kept at about 50%, and the moisture should not be too high, which is prone to intestinal problems.
3. Ventilation: There is a problem in many chicken houses that the heater is in the chicken house. Although the heating effect is good, it consumes a lot of oxygen and produces CO2, which constantly endangers the chickens' health. Therefore, it must be done proper ventilation.
2. The method of long-term storage of feed
A layer of bricks can be erected on the ground in the silo according to the appropriate distance, and then a layer of bricks can be laid on it, and then a layer of felt paper can be laid on it. The feed should be packed in bags, one foot away from the wall, one layer horizontally, and one layer vertically Stack height. In the summer, it is necessary to spray insecticides several times to prevent the feed from becoming moldy.
3. Feeding management
After the beginning of summer, the days are long and the nights are short. It is recommended to feed once every three or four hours. In addition, you should pay attention when feeding, you can properly reduce the ingredients of corn and sorghum because corn and sorghum are high-calorie plants, so we try to feed some low-calorie feed.
4.pay attention to changing the water
When raising chickens in summer, the water must be changed frequently, the best frequency is 1-2 times a day. In addition, the cleanliness of water quality is very important, and it is easy to breed bacteria and form biofilms in closed water lines. Therefore, it is necessary to clean the water line in time to avoid affecting the water quality and clogging the nipple of the drinking fountain.
5. Vaccination site
Injection immunization is the method of injecting the vaccine under the skin or muscle through a syringe. Usually subcutaneous or intramuscular injection. If it is used for inoculation of live poultry pox vaccine, it can be immunized by stabbing, that is, the diluted vaccine is dipped with an inoculation needle, and subcutaneously stabbed in the non-vascular part of the wing.
6. Do not disinfect during the immunization period
Vaccines are divided into live vaccines and dead vaccines. The dosage of live vaccines is small and needs to be reproduced in the body. Generally, they are afraid of disinfection. They are eye drops and drinking water injections. Generally, chickenpox vaccines produced by thorns cannot be disinfected within 48 hours before and after; Seedlings and propolis seedlings are generally dead seedlings and are not afraid of disinfectants, as long as they are not immunosuppressive disinfectants, there is generally no problem.
7. chicken manure cleaning
At present, many large and medium-sized breeding companies already have complete automatic manure cleaning equipment, but small and medium-sized farmers and free-range chickens do not have this aspect, and can only manually remove manure. Chicken manure must be cleaned up in time during breeding and production to avoid ammonia odor, which can stimulate and damage the mucous membrane of the respiratory system and cause respiratory diseases.
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