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About Poultry production knowledge

Views: 2814     Author: Chicken Feeder and Drinker     Publish Time: 2022-10-28      Origin: LongMu Animal Husbandry


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About the production process of broilers

The production process of poultry broilers starts with the breeding organisations, they breed and develop different broiler breeds. The breeding organisations supply one-day-old chicks to the rearing companies, who raise these chicks to adult parent stock, which are transported to the breeder farms. The breeders produce hatching eggs for the hatcheries, which hatch them to produce poultry chicks for the Chicken broiler farms.

The modern broiler farms produce chicks ready for slaughter in 5.5 to 6 weeks, but for some slow-growing broilers which need special market segments, their daily growth is lower and would need to 9 weeks before slaughter.

In traditional production systems, the chicks are hatched in a hatchery and are then transported to the poultry broiler farms. In meanwhile, new techniques are available where pre-incubated eggs are transported to the broiler farm instead of day-old chicks, so the eggs hatch on the broiler farm.

chicken drinking line (4)

How to begin the broilers?

How to set up a broiler production column depends on the intended production volume and the local market conditions and needs. When set a new production column up, the capacity of the slaughterhouse is base how many poultry chicks and per carcass weight that need to be slaughtered each week, so you need to well know the chicken house position and broiler numbers in each chicken house, also the hatchery capacity, the hatching egg production requirement and the broiler breeder facilities need to well know clearly.

In the full production chain of broilers, there are many things to optimize: mainly climate, then water and then feed. Of course, the input material, genetics, barn design, occupation and animal health also play an important role, all variables should be well coordinated.

chicken drinking line

What equipment do you need for the production of broilers?

To make then chicken meat production well, you need a house within free-range area and lighting, a poultry feeding & drinking automatic system, a heating system and a ventilation system. This is the basis for starting a poultry farming. Additional techniques can be applied or prescribed, such as heat exchangers for heat recovery and techniques to reduce ammonia and dust emissions. Poultry Broilers are mainly kept in floor poultry house on straw litter, in somewhere regions in cages on slatted floors. Besides the house, it is important to gain basic knowledge on keeping and growing broilers.

The construction and layout of the house varies depending on the location, legislation and climate zone. In general, the structure can be divided into house construction and house equipment: feed, water, light and climate system. Fast-growing chicks are kept in closed houses, where all conditions are optimal for the chick to perform. For welfare chicks or slow-growing chicks, daylight or a winter garden may be mandatory.

What does it cost to produce chicken broilers?

The most important costs for the production of broilers are the feed costs, which probable amount 60% of the total cost price. Also the local laws and regulations, bird density, daily labour costs, housing costs, water consumption, medicine and vaccination costs, catching and loading costs and slaughter costs ultimately determine the total cost price of the meat.

How long does a broiler production cycle last?

A production cycle for poultry broilers takes 7 weeks on average. In these 7 weeks, the chickens hatched in the hatching house and grow to their final weight in 5.5-6 weeks. After that, the house is cleaned and disinfected and prepared to receive new eggs. With this 7-week production cycle, 7.4 rounds/flocks can be produced per year.

With slow growing chicks, the production cycle is about 1 to 2 weeks longer depending on the maximum daily growth of the broilers, so a total of 9 weeks instead of 7 weeks. In this case, 5.8 rounds/flocks can be performed per year.

Why is broiler farming interesting?

Poultry meat is the most widely eaten meat in the world and provides a large part of the world population with high quality animal protein. The world's popf meat per person is still increasing. The demand for chicken meat will therefore only continue to increase for the foreseeable future.

We are still seeing an annual increase in the consumption of meat worldwide, with the demand for chicken meat growing faster than other types. Chicken meat is cheap and therefore first in line for the population of developing countries, such as China and India. In addition, chicken is popular because its consumption is not forbidden by major religions and chicken meat fits well into a healthy diet.

Three systems of hatch poultry chicks

incubator1) Traditional: Hatching eggs stay in the egg incubator for 18 days, after that the fertilized incubated eggs go to the egg hatcher. After day 21, the chicks are collected and sorted, after which they are transported to the broiler chicken farming house.

2) Egg Hatcheries can also provide water and feed to the newborn poultry chicks in the hatchery, the chicks to grow better with this way, further processing of the chicks is done in the traditional way.

3) On-farm hatching : after 18 days of incubating, the eggs are transported to the house and the chicks hatch in the poultry house, they get drinking and feeding directly and do not need to be transported from the hatchery to the chicken farm house.

To buy day-old chicks or produce them yourself?

Just growing broilers requires less knowledge than producing hatching eggs. The required investment capital is also lower, but the return on investment depends on the quality of the hatching eggs purchased.

The question is also: do you start growing broilers after the purchase of day-old chicks, or with the production of hatching eggs and thus day-old chicks. If you wants to set up a professional production chain, then these issues must be carefully considered.

When is the production of broilers sustainable?

The economic aspects of sustainability are mainly determined by the profitability of the broiler farm; not only farm management is important but also the quality of the day-old chicks is essential for good performance and to increase profitability.

When a broiler farm is scored on environmental sustainability, the main focus is on emissions, impact on climate change, feed consumption, energy consumption, water consumption, land use and soil quality.

Social sustainability is broadly defined and relates to humans and animals:

From a human perspective, food safety, working conditions and human health are important.

With regard to the animal, biodiversity and animal welfare are particularly important.

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Established in 2000, LONGMU has been recognized as one of the leaders in poultry equipment products including poultry drinker nipple, poultry pan feeder, feeding line, drinking line, and transportation cages in North China. With 20 sets of plastic injection machines and 30 sets of CNC LATHES, production volume is well ensured. With our own mold design workshop, we have new product development capability and also do OEM for oversea customers. To give customers a better poultry solution, we supply chicken house projects full set of equipment from feeding system, drinking system to transportation to climate control and more. For after-sales, we have a professional after-sales team and poultry installation instructor. Now we have good cooperation with some well-known poultry equipment distributors. Believe we will take strong supply system and good profit for you!


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